2023 USCIS Civics Test in English and Translations, With Audio


If you’ve maintained a green card status in the United States for a period of five consecutive years, you are eligible to submit an application for naturalization and become a U.S. citizen. If your spouse is a U.S. citizen, the requirement for continuous residency is reduced to three years. These criteria are commonly referred to as the “5-year rule” and the “3-year rule,” respectively.

To become a U.S. citizen, you must take the “Civics Test,” which includes 100 questions. During the interview, you will be asked 10 questions and you need to answer at least 6 of them correctly. For applicants who are 65 years old or older and have lived in the U.S. for 20 years or more (65/20 applicants), they only need to study and prepare for 20 questions marked with asterisks. During the interview, they will be asked 10 questions and need to provide 6 correct answers.

Here are the latest 100 questions for the citizenship interview. We also prepared translations in many languages, which you can found at:

100 questions for the citizenship interview

A. Principles of American Democracy
1. What is the supreme law of the land?
A: The Constitution
2. What does the Constitution do?
Sets up the government
Defines the government
Protects basic rights of Americans
3. The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words?
A: We the People
4. What is an amendment?
A change (to the Constitution)
An addition (to the Constitution)
5. What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?
A: The Bill of Rights
6*. What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment?
Petition the government
7. How many amendments does the Constitution have?
A: 27
8. What did the Declaration of Independence do?
Announced our independence (from Great Britain)
Declared our independence (from Great Britain)
Said that the United States is free (from Great Britain)
9. What are two rights in the Declaration of Independence?
Pursuit of happiness
10. What is freedom of religion?
A: You can practice any religion, or not practice a religion.
11*. What is the economic system in the United States?
Capitalist economy
Market economy
12. What is the “rule of law”?
Everyone must follow the law.
Leaders must obey the law.
Government must obey the law.
No one is above the law.
B. System of Government
13*. Name one branch or part of the government.
The courts
14. What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?
Checks and balances
Separation of powers
15. Who is in charge of the executive branch?
A: The President
16. Who makes federal laws?
Senate and House (of Representatives)
(U.S. or national) legislature
17*. What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?
A: The Senate and House (of Representatives)
18. How many U.S. Senators are there?
A: One hundred (100)
19. We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?
A: Six (6)
20*. Who is one of your state’s U.S. Senators now?
Answers will vary. District of Columbia residents and residents of U.S. territories should answer that D.C. (or the territory where the applicant lives) has no U.S. Senators.
21. The House of Representatives has how many voting members?
A: Four hundred thirty-five (435)
22. We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?
A: Two (2)
23. Name your U.S. Representative.
Answers will vary. [Residents of territories with nonvoting Delegates or Resident Commissioners may provide the name of that Delegate or Commissioner. Also acceptable is any statement that the territory has no (voting) Representatives in Congress.]
24. Who does a U.S. Senator represent?
A: All people of the state
25. Why do some states have more Representatives than other states?
(Because of) the state’s population
(Because) they have more people
(Because) some states have more people
26. We elect a President for how many years?
A: Four (4)
27*. In what month do we vote for President?
A: November
28*. What is the name of the President of the United States now?
Joe Biden
29. What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now?
Kamala Harris
30. If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President?
A: The Vice President
31. If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?
A: The Speaker of the House
32. Who is the Commander in Chief of the military?
A: The President
33. Who signs bills to become laws?
A: The President
34. Who vetoes bills?
A: The President
35. What does the President’s Cabinet do?
A: Advises the President
36. What are two Cabinet-level positions?
Secretary of Agriculture
Secretary of Commerce
Secretary of Defense
Secretary of Education
Secretary of Energy
Secretary of Health and Human Services
Secretary of Homeland Security
Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
Secretary of the Interior
Secretary of Labor
Secretary of State
Secretary of Transportation
Secretary of the Treasury
Secretary of Veterans Affairs
Attorney General
Vice President
37. What does the judicial branch do?
Reviews laws
Explains laws
Resolves disputes (disagreements)
Decides if a law goes against the Constitution
38. What is the highest court in the United States?
A: The Supreme Court
39. How many justices are on the Supreme Court?
A: Nine (9)
40. Who is the Chief Justice of the United States now?
A: John Roberts (John G. Roberts, Jr.)
41. Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federal government?
To print money
To declare war
To create an army
To make treaties
42. Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one power of the states?
Provide schooling and education
Provide protection (police)
Provide safety (fire departments)
Give a driver’s license
Approve zoning and land use
43. Who is the Governor of your state now?
Answers will vary. District of Columbia residents should answer that D.C. does not have a Governor.
44*. What is the capital of your state?
Answers will vary. District of Columbia residents should answer that D.C. is not a state and does not have a capital. Residents of U.S. territories should name the capital of the territory.
45*. What are the two major political parties in the United States?
A: Democratic and Republican
46. What is the political party of the President now?
A: Democratic (Party)
47. What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?
Kevin McCarthy
C. Rights and Responsibilities
48. There are four amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them.
Citizens eighteen (18) and older (can vote).
You don’t have to pay (a poll tax) to vote.
Any citizen can vote. (Women and men can vote.)
A male citizen of any race (can vote).
49*. What is one responsibility that is only for United States citizens?
Serve on a jury
Vote in a federal election
50. Name one right only for United States citizens.
Vote in a federal election
Run for federal office
51. What are two rights of everyone living in the United States?
Freedom of expression
Freedom of speech
Freedom of assembly
Freedom to petition the government
Freedom of worship (religion)
The right to bear arms
52. What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance?
The United States
The flag
53. What is one promise you make when you become a United States citizen?
Give up loyalty to other countries
Defend the Constitution and laws of the United States
Obey the laws of the United States
Serve in the U.S. military (if needed)
Serve (do important work for) the nation (if needed)
Be loyal to the United States
54*. How old do citizens have to be to vote for President?
A: Eighteen (18) and older
55. What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?
Join a political party
Help with a campaign
Join a civic group
Join a community group
Give an elected official your opinion on an issue
Call Senators and Representatives
Publicly support or oppose an issue or policy
Run for office
Write to a newspaper
56*. When is the last day you can send in federal income tax forms?
A: April 15
57. When must all men register for the Selective Service?
At age eighteen (18)
Between eighteen (18) and twenty-six (26)
A. Colonial Period and Independence
58. What is one reason colonists came to America?
Political liberty
Religious freedom
Economic opportunity
Practice their religion
Escape persecution
59. Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?
American Indians
Native Americans
60. What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?
People from Africa
61. Why did the colonists fight the British?
Because of high taxes (taxation without representation)
Because the British army stayed in their houses (boarding, quartering)
Because they didn’t have self-government
62. Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
A: (Thomas) Jefferson
63. When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?
A: July 4, 1776
64. There were 13 original states. Name three.
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
New York
New Jersey
North Carolina
South Carolina
65. What happened at the Constitutional Convention?
The Constitution was written.
The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution.
66. When was the Constitution written?
A: 1787
67. The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers.
(James) Madison
(Alexander) Hamilton
(John) Jay
68. What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for?
U.S. diplomat
Oldest member of the Constitutional Convention
First Postmaster General of the United States
Writer of “Poor Richard’s Almanac”
Started the first free libraries
69. Who is the “Father of Our Country”?
A: (George) Washington
70*. Who was the first President?
A: (George) Washington
B. 1800s
71. What territory did the United States buy from France in 1803?
The Louisiana Territory
72. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s.
War of 1812
Mexican-American War
Civil War
Spanish-American War
73. Name the U.S. war between the North and the South.
The Civil War
The War Between the States
74. Name one problem that led to the Civil War.
Economic reasons
States’ rights
75* What was one important thing that Abraham Lincoln did?
Freed the slaves (Emancipation Proclamation)
Saved (or preserved) the Union
Led the United States during the Civil War
76. What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?
Freed the slaves
Freed slaves in the Confederacy
Freed slaves in the Confederate states
Freed slaves in most Southern states
77. What did Susan B. Anthony do?
Fought for women’s rights
Fought for civil rights
C. Recent American History and Other Important Historical Information
78*. Name one war fought by the United States in the 1900s.
World War I
World War II
Korean War
Vietnam War
(Persian) Gulf War
79. Who was President during World War I?
A: (Woodrow) Wilson
80. Who was President during the Great Depression and World War II?
A: (Franklin) Roosevelt
81. Who did the United States fight in World War II?
A: Japan, Germany, and Italy
82. Before he was President, Eisenhower was a general. What war was he in?
A: World War II
83. During the Cold War, what was the main concern of the United States?
A: Communism
84. What movement tried to end racial discrimination?
A: Civil rights (movement)
85*. What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?
Fought for civil rights
Worked for equality for all Americans
86. What major event happened on September 11, 2001, in the United States?
A: Terrorists attacked the United States.
87. Name one American Indian tribe in the United States.
USCIS Officers will be supplied with a list of federally recognized American Indian tribes.
A. Geography
88. Name one of the two longest rivers in the United States.
Missouri River
Mississippi River
89. What ocean is on the West Coast of the United States?
A: Pacific Ocean
90. What ocean is on the East Coast of the United States?
A: Atlantic Ocean
91. Name one U.S. territory.
Puerto Rico
U.S. Virgin Islands
American Samoa
Northern Mariana Islands
92. Name one state that borders Canada.
New Hampshire
New York
North Dakota
93. Name one state that borders Mexico.
New Mexico
94*. What is the capital of the United States?
A: Washington, D.C.
95*. Where is the Statue of Liberty?
A: New York (Harbor)
Liberty Island
Also acceptable are New Jersey, near New York City, and on the Hudson (River).
B. Symbols
96. Why does the flag have 50 stars?
Because there is one star for each state.
Because each star represents a state.
Because there are 50 states.
97*. Why does the flag have 13 stripes?
Because there is one stripe for each original colony.
Because each stripe represents a colony.
Because there were 13 original colonies.
98. What is the name of the national anthem?
A: The Star-Spangled Banner
C. Holidays
99*. When do we celebrate Independence Day?
A: July 4
100. Name two national U.S. holidays.
New Year’s Day
Martin Luther King, Jr. Day
Presidents’ Day
Memorial Day
Independence Day
Labor Day
Columbus Day
Veterans Day

20 important questions marked with asterisks

  • Applicants who are 50 years old or older and have lived in the US as permanent residents (green card holders) for more than 20 years, or applicants who are 55 years old or older and have lived in the US as green card holders for more than 15 years, can take the test in their native language. People often call it the 50/20 and 55/15 exemptions.
  • Applicants who are 65 years old or older and have held a green card for 20 years or more, besides being able to take the test in their native language, can study only the first 20 questions with asterisks (not all 100 questions). It’s commonly known as the 65/20 exemption.

Video explanation of the citizenship interview (in English)

This is a video provided by USCIS, about 16 minutes long, explaining and simulating the interview situation to help you better prepare.

The US National Anthem

This is a recording of the national anthem archived by the Library of Congress:

The Star-Spangled Banner
Oh, say can you see by the dawn’s early light
What so proudly we hailed at the twilight’s last gleaming?
Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight,
O’er the ramparts we watched were so gallantly streaming?
And the rocket’s red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there.
Oh, say does that star-spangled banner yet wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave?
On the shore, dimly seen through the mists of the deep,
Where the foe’s haughty host in dread silence reposes,
What is that which the breeze, o’er the towering steep,
As it fitfully blows, half conceals, half discloses?
Now it catches the gleam of the morning’s first beam,
In full glory reflected now shines in the stream
‘Tis the star-spangled banner! Oh long may it wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave.
And where is that band who so vauntingly swore
That the havoc of war and the battle’s confusion,
A home and a country should leave us no more!
Their blood has washed out of their foul footsteps’ pollution.
No refuge could save the hireling and slave
From the terror of flight or the gloom of the grave
And the star-spangled banner in triumph doth wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave.
Oh! thus be it ever, when freemen shall stand
Between their loved home and the war’s desolation!
Bles’t with victory and peace, may the heav’n rescued land
Praise the Power that hath made and preserved us a nation.
Then conquer we must, when our cause it is just,
And this be our motto: “In God is our trust.”
And the star-spangled banner in triumph shall wave
O’er the land of the free and the home of the brave.
Derek Yang

I’m an immigrant living with my family in a small town on the East Coast. I love classical music, enjoy a good cup of coffee, and have a soft spot for BMWs. I believe in lifelong learning and look forward to connecting with you to share our life experiences. Twitter @mrderekyang.

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